Kurnool was earlier called Kandenavolu, which meant the town of grease. Legend has it that in the 12th century, the Odderas were carting stones for the construction of the Navabrahmeswara temple at Alampur and before they could cross the Tungabhadra the local villagers gave the men grease to apply on their cart wheels. Kandenavolu, in course of time, came to be known as Kurnool. At present Kurnool District comprise fourteen Assembly constitutions, two Parliament constitutions, three Revenue Divisions, 54 Revenue Mandals, 53 Mandal Parishads, one Municipal Corporation, three Municipalities, 899 Gram Panchayats, 920 Revenue Villages, and 615 Hamlet Villages.
Kurnool is the only city in India that is located in between two rivers: Tungabhadra and Hundri. The District of Kurnool is the Gateway of Rayalaseema, bordered with Mahaboobnagar District in the North, Ananthapur District and Kadapa District in the South, Bellary District of Karnataka in the West, and Prakasam District in the East. Kurnool City is located at a Distance of 200 km from Hyderabad.
Kurnool town is currently the headquarters of the district. Telugu, Urdu and Kannada are the most widely spoken languages. The district is situated between the northern latitudes of 14 54’ and 16 11’ and eastern longitudes of 76 58’ and 78 25’. According to the 2011 Census, Kurnool district has a population of 4,046,601. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.65 %. Its male-female ratio is 1000 : 984 and literacy rate is 61.13%.