The Gulf of Kutch on the west coast of India, in the State of Gujarat abounds in a variety of marine wealth. Mangrove, coral reefs. Sea grass & Sea weeds, sandy areas, mudflats, and other associated habitats, in the Gulf of Kutch support variety of marine flora and fauna. The area has excellent coral reefs, second to none in the country, though slightly over exploited it supports 37 species of hard & soft corals, 70 species of sponges, 150-200 species of fishes, 27 species of prawns.
30 species of crabs more than 200 species of molluscs. 3 species of endangered sea turtle. 3 species of sea snakes. 3 species of sea mammal. 94 species of water birds. 78 species of terrestrial birds and 108 species of brown, green & red algae. Taking into consideration the presence of the flora and fauna, the Govt. of Gujarat has declared an area of 437.92 Sq. Km as a Marine Sanctuary by notification Dt. 12.8.1980 and further the area of 162.89 Sq.Km was declared as Marine National Park by notification Dt. 20.7.1982. Recently, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has declared this Park as category-II area in the list of important national park of the world-” published by them.